The National Science Foundation is an independent agency of the U.S. government. The National Science Foundation is responsible for providing support for basic science research, particularly through the completion of the funded research.
The U.S. National Science Foundation research funding in the form of grants. And often grants, grants for individual graduate students and professors. In fact, with an annual budget of approximately $ 55 billion, about 20% of the funding of basic research supported by the federal government and the U.S. National Science Foundation, universities and colleges in the United States.
Under the leadership of director, Dr. Arden L. Bement, Jr. National Science Council met six years, in order to determine the policy of the United States National Science Foundation. National Science Council, composed of 24 members, each six-year period, the United States appointed by the President.
The U.S. National Science Foundation Background
Make the results of the U.S. National Science Foundation, the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 “. Task in this law, the U.S. National Science Foundation,” to promote the progress of science, to improve the national health, prosperity, and welfare, defense and national security’
The U.S. National Science Foundation, the research and competitive defense agencies, such as the Office of Naval Research, the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research grant. This has led many historians claim the science, the U.S. National Science Foundation, is a compromise between the “incompetent”, within the scope of the federal government’s vision and goals against funds.
Programming the U.S. National Science Foundation
The U.S. National Science Foundation, including: the field of astronomy, physics, behavioral science, biology, chemistry, computer science. Economics, social sciences, education, science, engineering, environmental science, education, and Polar Research, earth sciences, mathematics, statistics, coverage by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
In addition to regular work in the area, and the U.S. National Science Foundation, to promote a variety of special programs. Sometimes, the program is put in place to increase the participation of underrepresented minorities in science ethnicity. Collegiate Programming search experience, for example, to ethnic minorities and women. This program provides funding agencies to assist them in the summer to provide research opportunities for students.
In addition, the formation of GK-12 program as a whole by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the University, encourages graduate students to interact with student’s money-12K. The purpose of this program is to increase knowledge retention in children at an early age.
The National Science Foundation to fund projects in the country. One such project is the National Science Digital Library. In addition, the U.S. National Science Foundation Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, the establishment of research universities to help pay.
Space Exploration of the U.S. National Science Foundation
Sometimes there is a conflict between the U.S. National Science Foundation and the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This is because all the institutions in their efforts to improve the knowledge of the universe, space and the human body. But not willing to pay more than their fair share of the search results. In addition, clear guidelines, the body responsible for aspects of the existing area.
Currently, you can place two bodies ceasefire. Informal structure guidelines, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are responsible for the payment of operating mode of living. These include, for example, the Hubble Space Telescope, Spitzer Space Telescope and Chandra. The National Science Foundation, on the other hand, the existing business of the Land Fund. Including the National Radio Astronomy Observatory and the Atacama Large Millimeter array antenna, and peak Kate.